PENGARUH TERAPI PERNAFASAN BUTEYKO TERHADAP PENURUNAN GEJALA PASIEN ASMA DI RSUP RAJA AHMAD THABIB TANJUNGPINANG

Yusnaini Siagian

Abstract

Abstrack

 

Asthma is an intermittent, reversible obstructive airway disease in which the trachea and bronchi respond hyperactively to certain stimuli. A person who suffers from asthma experiences asthma symptoms in the form of coughing, shortness of breath, sounds when breathing (wheezing or squeaking.), a feeling of pressure in the chest, and sleep disturbances due to coughing or shortness of breath. The Buteyko breathing technique is used as a natural technique to reduce asthma symptoms and asthma severity. This study aims to determine the effect of Buteyko's breathing technique on reducing asthma symptoms in asthmatic patients. The design of this study was a quasi-experimental design with a non-random control group pretest-posttest. The research sample amounted to 20 people (10 people as the intervention group and 10 people as the control group) which were taken by quota sampling. The results showed that there was a strong influence between Buteyko's breathing technique on reducing asthma symptoms in asthmatic patients (p-value 0.00 and eta squared value 0.93). The Buteyko breathing technique can be applied to nursing services as a complementary nursing intervention in an effort to reduce asthma symptoms. For researchers who will conduct similar research in the future, it is necessary to compare the Buteyko breathing technique with other methods of reducing asthma symptoms.

 

Keywords: Asthma, Buteyko Breathing Technique, Asthma Symptom

Abstrak

 

Asma adalah penyakit jalan napas obstruktif intermiten, reversibel dimana trakea dan bronki berespons secara hiperaktif terhadap stimuli tertentu. Seseorang yang menderita asma mengalami gejala asma berupa batuk-batuk, sesak napas, bunyi saat bernapas (wheezing atau ngik..ngik..), rasa tertekan di dada dan gangguan tidur karena batuk atau sesak napas. Teknik pernapasan Buteyko digunakan sebagai teknik alami untuk menurunkan gejala asma dan keparahan asma. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh tehnik pernapasan Buteyko terhadap penurunan gejala asma pasien asma. Desain penelitian ini adalah eksperimen semu dengan rancangan non-random control group pretest-postest. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 20 orang (10 orang sebagai kelompok intervensi dan 10 orang sebagai kelompok kontrol) yang diambil secara quota sampling. Hasil penelitian adalah ada pengaruh kuat antara teknik pernapasan Buteyko terhadap penurunan gejala asma pada pasien asma (p value 0,00 dan nilai eta squared 0,93). Teknik pernapasan Buteyko dapat diterapkan bagi pelayanan keperawatan sebagai intervensi keperawatan komplementer dalam upaya menurunkan gejala asma. Bagi peneliti yang akan melakukan penelitian sejenis dimasa yang akan datang maka perlu membandingkan teknik pernapasan Buteyko dengan metode lain penurun gejala asma.

 

Kata kunci :  Asma, Teknik Pernapasan Buteyko, Gejala Asma

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